Muscle Injury Treatment and Prevention
Muscle injury treatment for muscle spasms depends on how far the injury has injured the muscle. If the muscle spasm has injured a large muscle, then it is necessary to apply aggressive treatment methods such as rest, ice, and heat treatment to prevent further damage. In cases where the injury has injured a smaller muscle, then more direct methods of treatment may be applied to the muscle. However, it is still best to rest and prevent further injury by avoiding overexertion or excessive exercise. If the muscle injury has injured only one small muscle, then you may be able to treat the muscle spasm yourself at home using over-the-counter (OTC) medicines. offers massage therapy and ultrasound are other popular muscle pain treatments for chronic joint and overuse pains.
Types of Muscle Injury Treatments Myofibrils are fibrous layers of tissue located in the muscle fibers. When the fibers are injured, spasms of the muscle tissue can occur which produces pain, swelling, and other symptoms of muscle injury treatment. If the muscle injury treatment resulted in damaged myofibrils, then spasms will be prevented by applying massage techniques which stimulate the myofibrils. Common techniques used for this purpose include static stretching, deep tissue, and traction.
Gene Therapy: Gene therapy is a commonly used muscle injury treatment that prevents further damage or loss of muscle fibers by directly promoting the growth factors such as protein and DNA repair in muscle cells. When protein is repaired in injured muscle cells, it enables muscle growth factors such as myoglobin to be released into the blood stream. This in turn stimulates myoglobin production, increases the size of muscle fibers, and improves muscle healing process. Gene therapy is effective on muscles affected by serious injuries or disease conditions such as diabetes and HIV/AIDS.
Muscle Scaffolds: The growth factor responsible for muscle injury treatment is known as muscle fibrosis. Muscle scaffolds are devices that are similar to biological tissue repair scaffolding except that these are designed for use in treating muscle injuries. Muscle scaffolds consist of multiple short scaffold sections connected to one another with surgical staples. Muscle scaffolding is similar to biological tissue repair except that these devices can also be customized to incorporate growth factors such as proteins. Muscle scaffolds are used for injured muscles to improve muscle healing process.
Muscle Relaxation Techniques: Muscles that are overstressed or are not in a state of relaxation are prone to injuries because they cannot adapt to sudden changes in force or tension. Therefore, during an acute phase, when the injured muscle is being stretched, microtrauma occurs and muscle contraction occurs at the site of tension or force. This results in inflammation and micro-tearing.
Muscle Relaxation Techniques prevent the micro-tearing of muscle tissue due to tension or force. Initial strain on a muscle occurs during the acute phase. When the body releases muscular tension in response to stretching, the tendons do not heal properly because the micro-tears were made without enough time for the healing process to occur. In order to reduce the chances of micro-tearing, the muscles are stretched in a slow, deep stretch. This can be done by gently pulling the muscle without causing any pain or discomfort.